Birth Defects Post Pregnancy

Cleft Lip And Cleft Palate

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

To be a mother of the child is one of the greatest pleasure for a woman. On the other side, it becomes an ice on the cake when she sees her child happy and healthy enjoying the initial stages of his/her childhood. However, life becomes a question mark when nature has some different plans for you and your life. The parent goes on a mute mode when the baby is born with either mental, physical or facial disorder. One of the disorder is called Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate.

Cleft Lip And Cleft Palate

What are Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate?

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

The word “cleft ” means a separation. During early pregnancy, body parts are developed separately and if the baby parts are not joined properly then it results in cleft lip.

Types of cleft lip and cleft palate

Cleft Palate happens when there is a gap in the roof of the mouth targeting towards the throat called the soft palate. It does have three variations or pattern by which it reaches the level of extension,

  • The Opening on one side
  • Both the sides
  • Middle of the mouth

Problems with cleft lip and cleft palate

Let’s now discuss the problems that the parent faces if the baby is born with CL/CP i.e. cleft lip and cleft palate.

  • Feeding problem

Babies born with such rare defect often face problems in feeding. It is specifically when the baby is in the lying position and the milk comes out through the nose because of the split. Therefore the baby makes a lot of effort to suck milk from the breast of his/her mother. During this process, the baby inhales a lot of air because he is unable to get a sufficient supply of his/her food. This confuses the mother.

  • Hearing problem

In certain situations baby is more likely to face ear infection and also the sound transformation could be at the lower level as compared to fit babies because the split is interrupting in the coordination between the mind, nerves, and senses.

  • Speech problem

It is found that if the problem is not addressed properly it could lead to difficulty in speaking such as – unclear or nasal and sounding speech when the child gets older. A regular watch is needed so that it does not allow the defect to go to a level where it will interrupt the baby to live his / her life.

Causes of cleft lip and cleft palate

According to a research, this happens when the tissues of the face are not properly joined during the time of the pregnancy.

  • Medication 

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

It is being found that in some cases if a mother is consuming any kind of drugs like anti-seizure/ anticonvulsant during pregnancy then the baby might get affected.

  • Smoking / Drinking

Mothers who are found to be a chain-smoker and heavy drinker could become one of a prime suspect who is creating a strong case to have a baby with this defect.

  • Genetic

If we closely examine family habits and their illness could be one of the reasons to have a baby like this. This could be due to a common deficiency in one or two members which gets added automatically in mother’s who are carrying a new life in them.

Solutions for cleft lip and cleft palate

Let’s now talk about the precautions and the safety measures a parent should take while the mother is pregnant. Safety is important just to avoid any mishappening. There is nothing to feel worried about if your child is born with Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate.

  • Surgery

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

Surgery is known to be the best option to get rid of such problems. Because it is very safe and even the conversion rate is also very good.

  • Health

The baby should be in good health to perform any surgical procedure. It’s better to keep the baby under doctors observation. It helps them to keep a regular check on the babies weight etc.

  • Speech and language therapy

This refers to when your child is facing problems with the pronunciation of words and other languages. To avoid such problems, the regular and consistent practice should be performed with the help of a speech therapist.

Social life and personal interaction

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

As human nature, we all curious about knowing anything or everything which comes in the line of our life. In cases like CL/CP, when a boy or a girl is born with certain conditions where they look different, the society comes forward and ask questions in a tone that could be rather painful to hear.

To handle it, the person should have the confidence in him/her self to explain and even ask for acceptance. There is nothing to feel scared off if you look slightly different from the rest. Support of parents, teachers, and counselors would rather be helpful.

Thanks to the advanced medical facility. The calculated census is 1/700 and is very much under control. But to be shortlisted and be a parent of such a child could be heartbreaking.


At times your life is colored with a darker shade. But you should always enjoy the path to be a mom and relish the moment.


“Enjoy your Path to Mom. Relish every moment!”

Disclaimer: All content on this website, including medical opinion and other health-related information, should be considered as opinion only. Always seek the direct advice of your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others.


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