The different stages of childhood are defined by what we call as motor development in children. Motor development is the development of movements and various motor abilities from birth till death. Now let us look at the different development stages.
Different stages of childhood
This period starts from birth and lasts till the age of 2 years. The motor skills begin at the age of 6 weeks. The infants start holding the head in an upright position. At the age of 2 months, the infant starts lifting arms. They start rolling from side to back at the age of 2 months. The grasping activity begins at the age of 3 months. At the age of around 7 months starts sitting and crawling. Then the infant starts pulling to stand at the age of 8 months. Infants start standing and walking at the age of about 11 months. Although the sequence of motor development is uniform in infants differences may exist individually in the rate at which motor skills develop.
Early childhood is the period between 2 to 6 years. This period is characterized by rapid motor developments. This is also known as pre-school years. At the age of 2 children learns to kick. The activity of throwing starts at the age of 2-3 years. Balance mechanism develops by the age of 3 years. The child starts walking like adults at the age of 4 years. The child tries to attempt running also. By the age of 4-5 years, the child starts controlled running. The child starts running like adults at the age of 5 years. The children can hop and gallop skilfully, and jumping for longer distances at the age of 5 to 6 years.
This period refers to the age of 7 to 10 years. After the age of 7 years, the child moves towards the perfection of movements like running, jumping, throwing and catching. The later childhood leads to develop fine motor skills. At the age of 9 years, eye-hand coordination gets developed. The following are assessed during this stage:
- The running becomes faster but the speed cannot be maintained for longer distance.
- The ability to jump vertically and horizontally improves.
- The children of this period begin to throw further with a better technique and accuracy.
- Nearly perfection in balancing and coordination is achieved in this period of age.
The late childhood is from 11 to 12 years of age. This age is referred to as the best phase of learning motor abilities. The fitness components also develop drastically during this age. The cognitive abilities continue to develop at a faster pace during these years.
If you would like to see how the child grows in terms of height and weight, then this article is a must-read.
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