Let’s find out the ways to treat someone who has a broken bone, probably a fracture. In case of a fracture, it is important to get first aid advice. Here are some of the suggestion on what you must do for first aid for bones and muscles.
First aid for fractures
Fracture is generally a break or a crack usually in the bone. In most of the cases, the damage that happens in the bone takes places under the skin which is also known as closed fracture. However, in extreme cases, there are chances that the bone will puncture right through the skin making it an open fracture.
In either case of an open or a close fracture, the casualty to be treated for is a shock. Even if you find no blood in the area, the break is likely to cause some internal bleeding.
For information, to break a bone which is fully grown, an immensely high force is needed. But the growing bones are subtle and have a chance to crack down or split just like it happens in a twig.
What to look for?
The seven primary things that you need to look for are:
- Loss of strength
- Movement in the bone in opposite direction
- Difficulty in moving
- Limb that will look short and bent
- A grating noise
What to do?
- In case of fracture, if it is an open one, then the first thing that needs to be done is covering the wound using a sterile dressing and further securing it with a bandage. One has to apply full pressure all around the wound to put a control on the bleeding.
- Give support to the injured part of the body so that it doesn’t moves any more. This will help in easing the pain down and will help in preventing any damage in the future.
- After you are done, make sure to call the emergency help for medical advice. While you are waiting for the help to come, don’t move the victim unless it is absolutely necessary.
Waiting for medical help
Start with protecting the area and for that use a bandage to provide security to the area and to stop it from moving. For instance: the fracture that happens in the arm can be supported using a sling and if there is a fracture in the leg and it can be tied to the leg that is uninjured.
Keep on checking the casualty for shocks and its signs. This is a life-threatning condition that happens usually because there is loss in blood.
If you see the victim being unresponsive at any point, then open their airway and keep a check on the pulse rate and response level.
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Disclaimer: All content on this website, including medical opinion and other health-related information, should be considered as opinion only. Always seek the direct advice of your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others.