How Do You Make Soil More Fertile?
In this article you will find:
- How to prepare the soil for planting?
- Why do you need good soil?
- What are the key things that you need to make fertile soil?
- What is the soil structure?
How to prepare the soil for planting
Healthy soil is very important for a healthy environment and plants to grow in the right way. There is no need for pesticides and fertilizers once the garden soil is in perfect condition. When you want to grow healthy and have productive soil, then soil preparation is the root key.
Why do you need good soil?
The soil has a lot of dirt and rocks. The soil has a lot of microorganism, minerals, and many other things that a plant will need to survive. Vegetables and fruits need good soil to grow and soil is one of the important nutrient sources of plants.
What are the key things that you need to make fertile soil?
Go for a soil test
Make sure to get a check on the soil to see if it is fertile soil. This will help in overdoing any sort of amendments with the soil and will help in not overdoing the basics. The result of the test will reveal a lot about the pH of the soil, calcium, and its texture. For doing the soil test on your fertile soil, get an inexpensive test kit directly from the garden store.
Adjust the pH
It is very important to adjust the nutrients and minerals of the soil. For the same, the soil pH has to be accurate. The standard value of pH for fertile soil is from 0 to 14 where 7 is neutral, 0 is acidic, and 14 is basic. The ideal pH value of plants ranges from 6.0 to 6.5.
To adjust the pH of the soil.
To raise pH, add some lemon or wood ash. To lower down the value of pH, add some peat, sulphur, and compost.
The primary nutrients that plants need are N, P, and K i.e. Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium.
- Nitrogen helps in promoting the leaves and stem of the plants for their growth. It also helps in maintaining the green colour of the leaves.
- Phosphorous helps in promoting the roots of the plants, form seeds, and develop fruits.
- Potassium helps in enhancing the flavour of the plants. It is very important for carrots, turnips, and garlic.
What is the soil structure?
The consistency and structure of the soil is a very major factor that helps in maintaining the fertile soil.
- To clay soil, add coarse sand.
- To sandy soil, put some aged manure or peat moss.
- To silt soil, put some compost and pea gravel.
If you correctly follow these steps, then you can make the soil more fertile.