Getting Pregnant

How to Avoid Pregnancy

How To Avoid Pregnancy

One of the most concerning subject for females in this generation is ‘sex’ & very much linked to it ‘pregnancy’.

Many women try to avoid pregnancy while some are trying to get pregnant. Before taking any step, the most important thing is to know about your ‘menstrual cycle’.

Menstrual cycle is the time between the first day of your periods to the first day of your next periods, usually which is around 28 days.

Stages of Menstrual Cycle

  • The pre-ovulatory/The Follicular Stage

It occurs between the days 2 and 14 when your body releases hormones that stimulate the eggs in the ovaries to grow. The Uterus lining is also thickened by the hormones to receive the fertilized egg. This phase is controlled by Estradiol hormone.

  • The Ovulation Stage

This stage occurs in the middle of your menstrual cycle where a mature ovarian follicle opens up to release an egg for fertilization. This stage is the most sensitive stage where a woman has a great chance to become pregnant.

  • The post-ovulatory/Luteal Stage

This is the last phase and it begins after ovulation and ends either in pregnancy or in the next menstrual cycle.  Also the uterus lining turns thicker prepare for pregnancy.

A women is most fertile 12-14 prior to her regular period dates that is the time when she ovulates or releases an egg. Or we can say this is the you are most likely to become pregnant. For the women trying to avoid pregnancy, this is the danger zone of the month & for the women who want to, this is your golden chance. Coming back to the topic,

WHEN IS THE SAFEST TIME TO HAVE SEX?

(You can get pregnant if you’re having sex, yes that’s right!)

Well the answer can vary from women to women but going through the general way we have-

  • Usual way

Many women found out that if you are having a regular menstrual cycle lasting around 28 days, then the safest zone for you is 7 days prior to your period & 7 days after your period. However, never completely go with this  way as those dates might not be accurate due to multiple reasons like changing schedules or maybe fluctuating hormones.

  • Total turn off during fertile days

Strictly follow the rule of no sex while your fertile days are going on (which depends on your cycle length). You  can check the following chart for reference.

 

Cycle Length Probable Fertile Days
35 day cycle Day 16 to day 21 of menstrual cycle
30 day cycle Day 11 to day 16 of menstrual cycle
28 day cycle Day 9 to day 14 of menstrual cycle
24 day cycle Day 5 to day 10 of menstrual cycle

There are some other traditional days too to track and calculate when you are least likely to get pregnant, but these to are subject to changing hormones & fluctuating schedule.

These steps are:-

How To Avoid Pregnancy

 

Some other methods to calculate your safe days also includes a method called Fertility Awareness Based Methods’ (FAM).

WHAT ARE ‘FAMs’?

They are also known as natural family planning, is a way of predicting safe and unsafe days of your menstrual cycle. These methods are based on certain signs your body gives in response to the ovulation causing harmones.

FAM follow these basic guidelines, which are:-

  • One egg is released in each cycle.
  • Egg lives up to 24 hours.
  • Sperm can live up to six days and during this period can fertilize an egg.
  • A woman can fertile for almost six days before ovulation and two to three days after ovulation, so the total number of fertile days is seven to eight in each cycle.

Different FAM Methods

  1. Calendar Or Rhythm Method

In this method, you will chart your menstrual cycles on a calendar to predict ovulation based on the past cycles.

  1. Cervical Mucus Or Ovulation Method

It involves checking the changes in the cervical mucus every day in the first stage of menstrual cycle until you ovulate. The vaginal discharge changes when you ovulate.

  1. Basal Body Temperature Method

It depends on your body temperature, which you need to track every day to know when you ovulate. There will be a rise in temperature during ovulation.

  1. Symptom-Thermal Method

This is the most efficient method since it is a combination of all the above. It involves basal body temperature, mucus, calendar methods along with tracking cervix changes, abdominal heaviness, breast tenderness, slight spotting and mild abdominal pain.

POINTS TO KEEP IN MIND

    • The best way always to avoid pregnancy is to use some kind of protection while having sex.
    • Even after knowing when you are ovulating it cannot be firmly said when you should have sex & when not as sperms can live in the vagina for 4 days or sometimes longer.
    • Also having sex during your periods doesn’t always mean that you cannot get pregnant as sometime you tend to ovulate really quickly, like at the end of your period.

“Enjoy your Path to Mom. Relish every moment!”

Disclaimer: All content on this website, including medical opinion and other health-related information, should be considered as opinion only. Always seek the direct advice of your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others.

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