Reflux, spitting up, and many more are the same word and names that are generally used to make a description of the babies who bring back some amount of milk that they have consumed earlier. Splitting up and reflux in a breastfed baby is a common procedure. In young babies, the whole process is very normal and doesn’t require any sort of special attention.
However, spitting up, which is also known by the name uncomplicated reflux, as common as it is in babies, but not always be normal. The reason behind the spitting up of babies is because they have an immature digestive system. As a reason of that, the content in the baby’s stomach starts to flow directly back to the oesophagus.
One primary reason behind babies spitting up is when they are given a lot of milk to drink and that too, fast. Along with that, when a baby is aggressive and feeds on quickly, there is a chance of reflux. Hence, there are ways to get rid of the issue. Let’s go through the article to understand and spitting up and reflux in breastfed babies better.
Spitting up and reflux in a breastfed baby>
There are a few spitting up statistics for all the babies out there.
- Generally, a baby spits up usually right after they finish their eating. There are chances for reflux to happen after 1-2 hours of they being fed.
- 2 to 4 months is the peaking time of spitting up of babies.
- Babies who belong to the age group 0 to 3 months are likely to split up at least once in the day time.
- For some babies, 7-8 months is the peak time to outgrow reflux.
- By 12 months, the spitting up and reflux in a breastfed baby is over.
Causes of spitting up and reflux in a breastfed baby
Some of the causes behind Spitting up and reflux in a breastfed baby are:
- Reflux is sometimes caused due to the oversupply of breastmilk. This leads up to cause symptoms like reflux and can usually be taken care of by following simple measures.
- Another cause of excessive spitting is sensitivities towards food. The biggest offender out of all is products made of cow’s milk. Therefore, remove cow milk from a baby’s diet completely if that is the cause behind reflux.
- GERD or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is a disease that leads babies to spit up quite a lot.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
One of the reasons behind the discomfort of a large number of babies. Mothers always think “when to be concerned about spit up?” Well, GERD is the sure situation for one to have concerns related to spitting and reflux in breastfeed a baby. The problem gets sorted after 12-24 months and there are a few symptoms of GERD that will help you to have a better understanding related to it.
- Frequent vomits and spitting is one symptom of GERD. Babies also face a lot of discomforts when they spit up. One thing to see is that babies who are suffering from GERD don’t spit up sometimes. There is silent reflux which happens to take the spit till the oesophagus and then is re-swallowed back. This results in pain.
- Less sleeping due to discomfort and baby might turn fussy.
- Choking followed by coughing and burping is another symptom.
Things to do to minimize reflux
If you are concerned with spitting up of your baby, here is what you can do.
- Spitting and reflux in a breastfed baby are comparatively less than bottle-fed. Hence, breastfeeding is what you can do in case your baby is spitting up a lot. Alongside, babies who are breastfed are known to have a lot less reflux than the formula-fed babies. This is because breastfed milk goes away from the stomach a lot quicker than the bottle-fed milk.
- Keep your infant relaxed at all times. The more relaxed they are, the less the reflux is.
- Another major factor that contributes to spitting up and reflux in babies are smoke exposure. It is one of the significant reasons behind reflux.
Baby spit up vs vomit
Baby spit is often confused with vomiting. This is not true. There are ways to get the difference between the two.
When a baby vomits, they usually, powerfully, throw up every content that they have in their stomach right through their mouth. Spitting up, which happens to babies who are under one year of age is generally an easy process in which the contents of the stomach flow out frequently.
On contraction of the diaphragm and abdominal muscles, there is a chance of vomiting. In this case, the stomach portion is completely relaxed.
When vomiting in a baby happens for more than once and on a regular interval, chances are, that it is caused by a virus. These viruses are not that harmful to the body but considering meeting a doctor is a better option.
There are chances that dehydration is caused due to all of this, the best thing to do in such a case is to consult a professional and get solutions regarding the same.
When to be concerned about spit up?
GERD is one situation when you must be concerned with the spit up of your baby. As alarming as it might sound, regular vomiting of your baby is not generally the reason for concern. When your baby happens to have regular vomiting episodes, there is a chance that they have reflux disease, an infection, or a protein allergy that is causing all of it.
In this case, get in touch with your doctor as soon as you can. The time when you must get concerned is:
- When there is an increase in force or volume.
- The spit is either green or yellow in colour.
- The process is accompanied by diarrhoea, fever, and mucus.
- Turns up to other major problems like gain in weight, loss of weight, and so on.
Sometimes, there can be a blockage in the stomach of the baby when they are having repeated vomiting for a week or so. In case there is repeated vomiting, make sure to turn to a professional immediately.
Spitting up and reflux in a breastfed baby is a very common issue. Wondering is spitting up a sign of overfeeding? Well, not mostly. Spitting up majorly happens because the baby is not able to take it all. Hence, there is nothing to worry about.
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